Book 6: Honoring the Sacrifices

“In life and in death, we salute all who so gallantly and selflessly gave their lives in the service of God/Allah and country. May their sterling qualities and noble deeds offered in the pursuit of liberty never be forgotten.”
– Lt Gen Rolando Bautista

In this book, we pay tribute to the heroism of our fallen troops, who paid the ultimate price to defend our country against the ISIS-Maute Terrorist Group in the siege of Marawi City. Their selflessness, courage, valor, devotion to duty, integrity, and loyalty are virtues that should not go unnoticed. To offer one’s life in the service of the country is the supreme sacrifice that any person in uniform can ever make – this should always be remembered!

At the same time, we acknowledge the overwhelming support from the different sectors of society, national and international organizations, government and non-government agencies, and individuals, particularly President Rodrigo Roa Duterte, who frequently visited ground zero to boost the morale of his troops. Lastly, the book accentuates the simple tokens and gestures extended to our troops, such as the heartfelt letters and songs expressing support, encouragement, and hope, which deeply moved our soldiers’ hearts.

“In their lives in the service, only three things mattered to these heroic men: dedication to duty, courage, and selflessness.”
– Lt Col Jo-ar Herrera

Chapter 1:
Liberation of Marawi City from ISIS-Maute Terrorists

“Marawi City has been declared liberated.”
– Gen Eduardo Año

The late Cpt Rommel Sandoval, Commanding Officer of the 11th Scout Ranger Company (11SRC), under the 4th Scout Ranger Battalion of the First Scout Ranger Regiment (FSRR) always told his men, “We are a team, we are indivisible, together we stand, united we fall!”

As his unit departed from Jolo, Sulu on the last week of May, for deployment to Marawi City to address the call for much needed reinforcements, to beef up the government troops fighting it out with the ISIS-Maute Terrorist Group, he briefed his men on the seriousness of the situation, and led them in prayer.

Upon their arrival in the besieged City of Marawi, the unit of Cpt Sandoval was deployed to the northern part of the MBA together with the Task Group Panther (TGP) 201 and tasked to clear the area leading into the MBA. At first the situation was still under their control, and the clearing operations went on continuously until they were able to push the enemy resistance towards the target Alpha and Target Bravo locations. These two locations were considered the strongholds of the ISIS-Maute Terrorist Group, where the heaviest of fighting was going on. He, “Daredevil,” personally led his company in clearing target objectives.

A member of PMA class “Sanlingan” 2005, his superiors considered him as a junior officer with first-class leadership qualities. As a person, he was quiet, pensive, serious, driven, courageous, fierce, and loyal.

On the 10th of September, his company was tasked to clear one of the most strategic buildings in their sector, the Landbank building. It was here that he met his destiny.

From his hospital bed, at the AFP Medical Center, Cpl Jason Mante, a member of 11SRC, the unit led by the late Cpt Sandoval, publicly thanked him for having given his life to save his. In Filipino, he narrated that he was grateful that he was alive, but it saddened him that his Company Commander lost his life. He did not know how he could thank him, but he wished that they would meet again in the afterlife.

Cpt Sandoval posthumously received the Medal of Valor, the highest honor that can be accorded to any trooper of the AFP for courage and service beyond the call of duty. His award is similar to England’s Victoria Cross and the United States Congressional Medal of Honor.

Nevertheless, the late Cpt Sandoval was only one out of the 165 troopers of the AFP and PNP who paid the ultimate sacrifice in defense of the country’s liberty during the Marawi campaign. Their list is truly a roll of honor of patriots and heroes who fell in battle. May they rest in peace †

Chapter 2:
The Heroes of Marawi

“There are many stories of gallantry and heroism that we witnessed during this conflict that showed the true courage and dedication of our troops to protect the lives not only of the Filipino people, but even those of their comrades.”
– MGen Restituto Padilla

The Heroes of Marawi

During the Marawi crisis, we witnessed our troops’ diverse acts of courage. We remember our brave heroes, the 165 soldiers, who willingly paid the ultimate sacrifice for our freedom. We owe them a debt of gratitude.


The First Scout Ranger Regiment is a highly trained unit of the Special Operations Command, Philippine Army. As a Special Operations Force (SOF), its units are deployed in conflict affected areas particularly in the islands of Mindanao.

As the situation worsened in the City of Marawi, higher headquarters called upon this readily deployable force to help address the emerging threat brought about by the ISIS-Maute Terrorist Group. All of its battalions and companies together with three classes of Scout Ranger Course students which were on their test mission phase, were deployed in the war-torn city and formed the Joint Task Group (JTG) Musang.

JTG Musang , as one of the operating components of Joint Special Operations Task Force (JSOTF) Trident, was responsible for delivering the final blow and the clearing of the last sector where the high value targets (HVT) were constricted. This resulted in the killing of Isnilon Hapilon and Omarkhayam Maute which eventually led to the breakdown of the terrorists’ ranks.

  • Composed of five Scout Ranger Battalions with 16 Scout Ranger Companies
  • Oldest and most experienced among the Philippine Army SOFs
  • Dubbed as the national maneuver unit of the Philippine Army
  • Provided the most number of SOFs that participated in the Battle of Marawi
  • Experienced in urban operations.

  • Pfc Melvin S Raton 914444 (Inf) PA 25-May-17 14SRC
  • Cpl Dondee D Orboda 880957 (Inf) PA 25-May-17 SRC CL 200
  • Pfc Edmond D Principe 914391 (Inf) PA 25-May-17 SRC CL 200
  • Pfc Elmer D Bueno 904579 (Inf) PA 25-May-17 SRC CL 200
  • Cpl Johva M Aquino 874527 (Inf) PA 01-Jun-17 4SRB
  • Pfc Rowee M Montalban 899583 (Inf) PA 07-Jun-17 3SRB
  • Pfc Fermark B Dalogdog 901108 (Inf) PA 20-Jun-17 2SRB
  • SSg Jun G Garcia 833519 (Inf) PA 22-Jun-17 13SRC
  • Cpl Benjie B Piscala 879983 (Inf) PA 22-Jun-17 13SRC
  • Cpl Criz Y Lorenzo 878945 (Inf) PA 26-Jun-17 3SRB
  • Pfc John P Bernaldez 914500 (Inf) PA 26-Jun-17 3SRB
  • Sgt Reynold S Palma 868347 (Inf) PA 26-Jun-17 3SRB
  • Cpl Marjun M Edano 893851 (Inf) PA 26-Jun-17 3SRB
  • Sgt Jeff D Sangdaan 858488 (Inf) PA 03-Jul-17 4SRB
  • Pfc Jethro Vincent N Carlos 903454 (Inf) PA 04-Jul-17 15SRC
  • Pfc Dennis L Selda 899609 (Inf) PA 10-Jul-17 3SRB
  • Sgt Antonio B Pareja 843679 (Inf) PA 12-Jul-17 4SRB
  • Cpl Renato Calib-og 868200 (Inf) PA 12-Jul-17 4SRB
  • SSg Murphy M Pulalon 821882 (Inf) PA 19-Jul-17 4SRB
  • Pfc Jeson D Montemor 908268 (Inf) PA 22-Jul-17 2SRB
  • Pfc Joemar G Oraliza 905456 (Inf) PA 24-Jul-17 1SRB
  • Pfc Edmond D Tibayan 882821 (Inf) PA 25-Jul-17 SRC CL 201
  • Pfc Ramonito V Occeňa Jr 908290 (Inf) PA 25-Jul-17 SRC CL 201
  • Sgt Michael T Bacalso 868222 (Inf) PA 27-Jul-17 2SRB
  • Sgt Nelson L Wailan 852273 (Inf) PA 03-Aug-17 4SRB
  • Pfc Darwin S Guerrero 899586 (Inf) PA 03-Aug-17 4SRB
  • Pfc Arielito V Baroa 914404 (Inf) PA 03-Aug-17 SRC CL 201
  • Cpl Michael E Respicio 880004 (Inf) PA 18-Aug-17 14SRC
  • Tsg Tirso I Mallari 794286 (Inf) PA 23-Aug-17 1SRB
  • SSg Darwin Guillermo 826921 (OS) PA 29-Aug-17 2SRB
  • Cpl Roel G Bautista 874484 (Inf) PA 31-Aug-17 2SRB
  • Cpl Jojenes E Mebato 874484 (Inf) PA 01-Sep-17 3SRB
  • Pfc Ceferino G Tugade 880089 (Inf) PA 02-Sep-17 1SRB
  • CPT ROMMEL N SANDOVAL O-14268 (INF) PA 10-Sep-17 4SRB
  • Pfc Sherwin Marco C Canapi 892148 (Inf) PA 11-Sep-17 4SRB
  • Pfc Rian M Caňas 889017 (Inf) PA 27-Sep-17 3SRB
  • Pfc Arth Ronald V Manalang 895361 (Inf) PA 29-Sep-17 2SRB
  • Cpl Gerald Aparte 879018 (Inf) PA 06-Oct-17 4SRB
  • Cpl Joel M Francisco 853725 (Inf) PA 13-Oct-17 14SRC
  • Pfc Jetrho Fil C Estacio 914480 (Inf) PA 14-Oct-17 SRC CL 200
  • Pfc Nestie P Tecson 906487 (Inf) PA 14-Oct-17 SRC CL 200
  • Pfc Romeo B Rayco 913340 (Inf) PA 19-Oct-17 SRC CL 202


The Special Forces Regiment (Airborne), having its core competency in mass base operations (MBO), was instrumental in the overall accomplishment of JTF Marawi.

Its operating units were also deployed in the main battle area (MBA), under the disposal of the JSOTF Trident, who fought alongside the other SOF and infantry units in clearing their designated sectors. As experts in the field of negotiations, diplomacy, community engagement, and organizing of the community. One of its companies was tasked to lead the successful rescue operations of Rev. Father Suganob and his companion.

  • 2LT JUNRICH L LIGADA O-17329 (INF) PA 16-Jun-17 SFOC 135
  • Pfc Melvin A Albino 897278 (Inf) PA 27-Jul-17 14SFC
  • Pfc Nilbert F Dedales 888605 (Inf) PA 25-Aug-17 SFOC 135
  • 2LT HAROLD MARK S JUAN O-146215 (INF) PA 09-Oct-17 SFCQC CL 11


The Light Reaction Regiment is the Philippine Army’s specialist in the conduct of Counter-Terrorism. They are also experts in Close Quarters Battle (CQB). The LRR is composed of six light reaction companies that are readily deployable in times of need. Furthermore, they are the most equipped among the Army SOF and well-versed in Urban Warfare.

  • Sgt Marlon V Baldovino 836271 (Inf) PA 23-May-17 4LRC
  • Cpl Benito B Serrano 868331 (Inf) PA 23-May-17 4LRC
  • Cpl Emmer M Anno 876010 (Inf) PA 27-May-17 4LRC
  • Sgt Eric Jason G Caros 846164 (Inf) PA 28-May-17 4LRC
  • 2LT MC GLENN ABUYABOR O-17712 (INF) PA 31-May-17 6LRC
  • SSg Larry C Lopez 828550 (FS) PA 21-Jun-17 1LRC
  • Cpl Pablito U Pascual 873225 (Inf) PA 01-Jul-17 6LRC
  • Cpl Edelmar L Eugenio Jr 883399 (Inf) PA 21-Jul-17 2LRC
  • Cpl Albert B Goyo 889846 (Inf) PA 08-Aug-17 3LRC
  • Cpl Dominar A Lape 873143 (Inf) PA 30-Aug-17 4LRC
  • Pfc Jaime R Invento 901521 (Inf) PA 16-Sep-17 6LRC
  • Sgt Benjie Entenia Delos Santos 858419 (Inf) PA 29-Sep-17 1LRC


They are the 1st Infantry Division’s most readily deployable, highly trained, and multi-skilled operating unit. They fought alongside the SOFs, Infantry units, and other combined arms units. The Recon Companies are composed of the most elite troopers of the 1st Infantry Division based in Pulacan, Labangan, Zamboanga del Sur.

  • Pvt Saed Abdul Rahman Hua Palada 925893 (Inf) PA 05-Jun-17 11DRC
  • Cpl Albert F Basilio 869509 (Inf) PA 15-Jun-17 11DRC
  • Pvt Jeroy D Floren 925925 (Inf) PA 17-Jun-17 11DRC
  • Cpl Jaypee C Cariaga 880742 (Inf) PA 28-Jun-17 14DRC
  • Pfc Chim John J Ponggan 889496 (Inf) PA 15-Jul-17 14DRC
  • Sgt Dennis S Dayoc 841105 (Inf) PA 22-Jul-17 12DRC
  • Sgt Gajir M Ahmad 807923 (Inf) PA 29-Aug-17 15DRC
  • Pvt Sherwin James S Guigui 925787 (Inf) PA 09-Oct-17 12DRC


The mission of an Infantry Battalion is to close in on the enemy by means of fire and manuever in order to destroy or capture him, or to repel the enemy assault with fire, close combat, and counterattack. These battalions are the most experienced in the conduct of a holistic approach for countering insurgency and lawless elements. During the Battle of Marawi, these Battalions were mobilized from various areas in the Philippines.

  • Pfc Jobert M Hollero 909248 (Inf) PA 07-Jul-17 1IB
  • 1LT JOHN CARL C MORALES 0-142623 (INF) PA 23-May-17 49IB
  • Sgt Adonis Lloyd D Mendoza 846759 (Inf) PA 24-Jun-17 10IB
  • Ssg Gerry S Lantaca 801193 (Inf) PA 27-Jun-17 10IB
  • Cpl Albert H Malondong 856795 (Inf) PA 27-Jun-17 10IB
  • Pvt Crisne A Redoblado 926055 (Inf) PA 27-Jun-17 10IB
  • Sgt Masangling P Arip 820095 (Inf) PA 28-Jun-17 10IB
  • Cpl Al-jhune N Jadil 820046 (Inf) PA 07-Jul-17 10IB
  • 1LT FRANKLIN Q ABACAJEN O-142151 (INF) PA 16-Jul-17 10IB
  • Cpl Akdam B Baiting 820285 (Inf) PA 16-Jul-17 10IB
  • Pfc Robert A Mangharal Jr 880769 (Inf) PA 26-Jul-17 10IB
  • Cpl Ardnie R Allaga 873773 (Inf) PA 07-Aug-17 10IB
  • Sgt Nurhusin O Engo 813707 (Inf) PA 05-Oct-17 10IB
  • SSg Joseph P Villanueva 831693 (lnf) PA 31-May-17 15IB
  • Sgt Throlen R Lago 852335 (lnf) PA 31-May-17 15IB
  • Cpl Philip G Apao 864086 (Inf) PA 31-May-17 15IB
  • Pfc Anthony C Capulot 912583 (Inf) PA 31-May-17 15IB
  • Pfc Alvin John S Carillo 912679 (Inf) PA 11-Jun-17 15IB
  • Pfc Johnro A Vista 912540 (Inf) PA 29-Jun-17 15IB
  • Cpl Aliyasir I Abdulla 818946 (Inf) PA 31-May-17 44IB
  • Cpl Ricky A Asan 866308 (Inf) PA 31-May-17 44IB
  • Pvt Marlo P Rota 925781 (Inf) PA 31-May-17 44IB
  • Cpl Nilo R Donato 873656 (Inf) PA 31-May-17 44IB
  • Cpl Christopher C Dela Cruz 861477 (Inf) PA 31-May-17 44IB
  • Pfc Kevin E Sisiban 887650 (Inf) PA 31-May-17 44IB
  • Pfc Arhanie O Ampalo 907781 (Inf) PA 31-May-17 44IB
  • Pvt Jessrael O Butalina 919984 (Inf) PA 31-May-17 44IB
  • SSg Julhaber J Dakkay 807380 (Inf) PA 25-May-17 51IB
  • Pfc Bermilou P Pardillo 903587 (Inf) PA 25-May-17 51IB
  • Sgt Asah A Sakiran 834385 (Inf) PA 25-May-17 51IB
  • Cpl Tahiruddin K Salahuddin 807532 (Inf) PA 25-May-17 51IB
  • Pfc Dhan Ryan A Bayot 911210 (Inf) PA 25-May-17 51IB
  • Pfc William B Tuanda Jr 911281 (Inf) PA 25-May-17 51IB
  • Pfc Eldon C Rogador 919770 (Inf) PA 25-May-17 51IB
  • Pfc Reymar E Carloto 914066 (Inf) PA 02-Jun-17 51IB
  • Cpl Marjone G Montero 889640 (Inf) PA 18-Jun-17 51IB
  • Pvt Josua L Tolorio 919985 (Inf) PA 13-Jul-17 51IB
  • Cpl Jaybem G Palada 889486 (Inf) PA 31-Aug-17 51IB
  • Pfc Richard R Aninion 907698 (Inf) PA 31-Aug-17 51IB
  • Pvt Gerbie O Gojo 925805 (Inf) PA 31-Aug-17 51IB
  • Cpl Rodel S Bacsarpa 863120 (Inf) PA 22-Jul-17 63IB
  • Pfc Roland H Montes 889288 (Inf) PA 22-Jul-17 63IB
  • Pfc Marvin R Abuda 895160 (Inf) PA 22-Jul-17 63IB
  • Pfc Mark Anthony E Moratal 901166 (Inf) PA 22-Jul-17 63IB
  • Pfc John Joseph L Lara 889133 (Inf) PA 22-Jul-17 63IB
  • Cpl Ariel C Arquio 864141 (Inf) PA 31-Jul-17 63IB
  • Cpl Francisco A Silos Jr 867830 (Inf) PA 31-Jul-17 63IB
  • Pvt Argie B Tagapan (Inf) PA 02-Aug-17 63IB
  • Sgt Jadway P Suyom 841715 (Inf) PA 14-Oct-17 63IB


This regiment provides lethal and non-lethal fires and integrates and synchronizes the effects of fires to achieve the commander’s intent. In the Battle of Marawi, they executed the much needed standoff attacks, were effective in softening targets, and provided protective fires for our distressed troops.

  • SSg Leo R Badlisan Jr 822923 (FA) PA 06-Oct-17 4FAB


The Combat Engineers Battalion applied their capabilities by providing mobility, counter-mobility, and survivability support to manuever components of the combined arms force. In the Battle of Marawi, they constructed fighting positions, detected/cleared mines and improvised explosive devices, cleared roads from rubble, and ensured that troops remain alive, protected/facilitated their movements, and contributed to the fight for victory.

  • Cpl Reymund A Paracueles 882432 (Inf) PA 06-Jun-17 500ECB


From day 1 to day 154, the Mechanized Infantry units fought alongside and form part of our combined arms force. The mounted warriors performed a plethora of tasks: from delivering fires from armored vehicles, observing and engaging the enemies at night, hauling supplies to frontline troops, evacuating wounded personnel, supporting loudspeaker operations to weaken the enemy’s will to fight, assisting in the rescue of trapped civilians and hostages, and was JTF Marawi’s morale boosting/inspirational billboard bearer for our security forces.

  • Pvt Mark Darell A Parba 926355 (Cav) PA 08-Jun-17 1CAV
  • Sgt Johny R Gumampong 822841 (Cav) PA 28-Jun-17 1CAV
  • Pvt Roel M Cabonita 926157 (Cav) PA 24-May-17 5Mech
  • Pvt Junie Berth R Purlas 926270 (Cav) PA 24-May-17 5Mech
  • TSg Jessie B Santos 803818 (Cav) PA 25-May-17 5Mech
  • Pfc Angelo A Estores Jr 913811 (Cav) PA 25-May-17 5Mech


The experts in amphibious and expeditionary warfare, as well as special operation missions. They fought side by side with our army troopers and were the first to clear their designated sector. They are the muscle of the Philippine Navy in ground operations.

  • TSgt Aldrin C Dinglasan 808399 PN(M) 31-May-17 MARSOG
  • Sgt Rudy A Espelimburgo 865235 PN(M) 07-Jun-17 MARSOG
  • 1LT RAYMOND M ABAD 0-146083 PN(M) 09-Jun-17 MBLT-7
  • SSgt Joven Q Triston 812698 PN(M) 09-Jun-17 MBLT-7
  • Sgt Simeon I Plares 854503 PN(M) 09-Jun-17 MBLT-7
  • Cpl John Romulo C Garcia 900060 PN(M) 09-Jun-17 MBLT-7
  • Cpl Jobert O Cofino 884080 PN(M) 09-Jun-17 MBLT-7
  • Pfc Eddie C Cardona Jr 904284 PN(M) 09-Jun-17 MBLT-7
  • Pvt Bernie Jhon B Lunas 922664 PN(M) 09-Jun-17 MBLT-7
  • Pfc Gener C Tinangag 920961 PN(M) 09-Jun-17 MBLT-7
  • Sgt Meynard O Pegarido 860956 PN(M) 09-Jun-17 MBLT-7
  • Sgt Miguelito A Abao 865246 PN(M) 09-Jun-17 MBLT-7
  • Cpl Rolan H Sumagpang 897713 PN(M) 09-Jun-17 MBLT-7
  • Pfc Marvin Russel D Gomez 921090 PN(M) 09-Jun-17 MBLT-7
  • Cpl Mark Anthony E Ramos 883773 PN(M) 18-Jun-17 MBLT-5
  • Cpl Arshid N Isirani 900099 PN(M) 18-Jun-17 MBLT-5
  • Sgt Brian A Tamboon 854604 PN(M) 29-Jun-17 MARSOG
  • Sgt Alvin A Benitez 834818 PN(M) 01-Jul-17 MBLT-5
  • Pvt Froilan T Espinosa 922574 PN(M) 03-Jul-17 MBLT-5
  • Cpl Harney Jay P Villaruel 901968 PN(M) 06-Jul-17 MBLT-5
  • Cpl Ronald P Supnad Jr 897807 PN(M) 08-Jul-17 MC
  • Sgt Jimmy D Gulac 876275 PN(M) 15-Jul-17 MBLT-5
  • Cpl Argie C Harliga 904343 PN(M) 17-Jul-17 MBLT-10
  • Cpl Welbor B Bangga 871445 PN(M) 21-Jul-17 MBLT-7
  • Pfc Frederick M Manejo 909784 PN(M) 22-Jul-17 30MC
  • Pvt Jan Michaael A Lolo 922637 PN(M) 29-Jul-17 MBLT-10
  • Pvt Nowel N Rivera 925721 PN(M) 05-Aug-17 MBLT-10
  • Pfc Erwin M Sumalinang 918579 PN(M) 20-Aug-17 63MC
  • Cpl Kevin T Cangrejo 904149 PN(M) 21-Aug-17 73MC
  • Pfc Robert R Bismar 904134 PN(M) 28-Aug-17 7MC
  • Pfc Jaylord A Aplicador 917988 PN(M) 30-Aug-17 37MC
  • Cpl Norfil C Mascardo 878401 PN(M) 13-Sep-17 62MC
  • Cpl Ian E Baldon 886155 PN(M) 13-Sep-17 62MC
  • Pfc Eric A Delos Reyes 909734 PN(M) 25-Sep-17 MARSOG


The PNP is considered the primary the law enforcer of the country, however, in the Battle of Marawi, they adapted, integrated, and fought alongside with the AFP. The Special Action Forces (SAF) worked in a joint, combined arms, and interagency operations together with our troops and the PCG.

  • PI EDWIN PLACIDO O-20109 PNP 23-May-17 MCPS
  • PO1 Junaid S Mama 274199 PNP 23-May-17 MCPS
  • PO3 Alexis Mangaldan 191100 PNP 22-Jul-17 SAF
  • PO1 Moisses T Kimayong 266115 PNP 25-Jul-17 SAF
  • PO2 Alexis M Laurente 234585 PNP 15-Sep-17 SAF
  • PO2 Daniel T Tegwa 234239 PNP 16-Oct-17 SAF

Chapter 3:
Task Organization and the Role of Key Task Groups During the Crisis

“Each and every member of JTGs under JTF Marawi gave it their all in the final push to liberate Marawi City. We were the united force that dealt the humbling blow to the ISIS-Maute Terrorist Group that thwarted the roots of terrorism in the country’s only Islamic City.”
Col Romeo Brawner Jr

On the 23rd of May 2017, the bulk of the forces of the 103rd Infantry Brigade (103Bde) were conducting combat operations along the boundary of Lanao del Sur and Bukidnon against communist terrorists (CTs). However, they had to abort their mission due to an attack on Marawi City. Since then, reinforcements from Luzon and the Visayas were deployed to Marawi City and JTF Marawi was established under the leadership of then BGen Rolando Joselito Bautista.

There were Five Functional Cells under JTF Marawi:

1) Information Operations (IO). The IO Cell under Lt Col Jo-ar Herrera was tasked to physically and psychologically contain the MBA in Marawi City. While our troops on the ground were providing the physical means to contain the battlefield, our use of IO became vital in containing it psychologically. IO utilized both the hard power and soft power approaches through our various Information Related Capabilities (IRC). The purposive use of the IO Cell allowed us to synchronize and integrate combat and non-combat capabilities. Our end goal was to dominate the information environment, defeat the enemy’s propaganda and disinformation, gain the support and trust of the public in our campaign against the ISIS-Maute Terrorist Group in Marawi City, and to translate these tactical gains into a moral and strategic victory.

2) Air Support Coordinating Cell. Lt Col Irvin Tanap was tasked to plan, coordinate, supervise air support missions, and facilitate air strikes whenever requested.

3) Fire Support Cell (FSC). Lt Col Hubert Acierto, had two main objectives: to initially support the movement of the maneuver units towards their respective assembly areas/attack positions; and to provide interdiction fires against large enemy formations and their identified fortified positions.

4) Intelligence. This cell, headed by Col Estanislao Danao, was tasked to provide accurate and real-time information through the Joint Intelligence Task Force (JITF) on the identification of the enemy disposition, location, and activities inside MBA and the rest of Marawi City. They also monitored the presence of sympathizers in the municipalities adjacent to Marawi City.

5) Operations Cell. This cell, headed by Lt Col Elmer Suderio, was tasked to oversee the administration, conduct, and integration of all combat and non-combat units involved in the campaign.

Joint Intelligence Task Force (JITF) Marawi. The JITF under Col Dean Mark Mamaril, served as the Intelligence hub. It monitored and collated all information obtained about the terrorist movements and activities, which supported all the phases of our operations.

Joint Special Operations Task Force (JSOTF) Trident, headed by MGen Danilo Pamonag, provided command and control (C2) for JTGs Vector, Musang, Tiger, Lawa, and PNP. In doing so, they synchronized the operations of our maneuver units within the MBA. JSOTF Trident served as the main effort in liberating Marawi City.

Joint Task Group (JTG) Musang, under BGen Rene Glen Paje, was tasked to clear the east sector of the MBA. They assumed the role as the main effort (ME) during the final phase of the campaign in order to neutralize the ISIS-Maute Terrorist Group’s key leaders and members. They were responsible for the clearing, recovery, and control of the enemy’s last stronghold.

Joint Task Group (JTG) Vector was headed by BGen Corleto Vinluan Jr. Their mission was to destroy enemy forces located in the sector between JTG Tiger and JTG Musang. They, together with the other JTGs in the area, contributed to the pushing of the enemy to our designated constriction area so that we could contain them in a small portion of the MBA.

Joint Task Group (JTG) Tiger composed of the Fleet Marine Team headed by BGen Melquiades Ordiales Jr, conducted support operations to destroy the enemy forces. They held ground on the western part of the MBA which covered the sector to the right of JTG Vector. JTG Tiger successfully recovered the three bridges leading to the MBA which were initially under the terrorists’ control.

Joint Task Group (JTG) PNP, headed by Police Senior Superintendent Rolando Anduyan, was responsible for the law enforcement in the controlled areas and in the other parts of the city as well. They formed part of the maneuver unit in the MBA. They also augmented combat units in the MBA specifically placed under OPCON of JTG Vector. They were the PNP unit in the frontline deployed alongside their AFP counterparts.

Joint Task Group (JTG) Lawa, was headed by Col Monico Batle. Their mission was to secure Lake Lanao in order to prevent the escape and reinforcement of the terrorists to and from the MBA. JTG Lawa was composed of different government agencies such as: the PN, PCG, and PNP. JTG Lawa also prepared rescue boats for the trapped civilians and hostages. They also secured the lake area by monitoring and marking the local bancas traversing the lake which were used by the ISIS-Maute Terrorist Group to escape and reinforce their ranks during the initial days of the battle.

Joint Task Group (JTG) Haribon, headed by Col Generoso Ponio, was tasked to secure the rear of the advancing units. They facilitated the transport of KIAs, and or WIAs, and the evacuees to the nearest medical facilities. Under JTG Haribon were medical and surgical teams, who set up triage facilities for our wounded in the MBA, conducted initial diagnosis, and facilitated the immediate treatment of our troops and civilians.

Joint Task Group (JTG) Ranao, was headed by BGen Ramiro Rey. Their mission was to cordon off the controlled areas, and conduct early rehabilitation of the City of Marawi. The group also implemented support to law enforcement operations by: establishing checkpoints, curfews, and implementing intensive security protocols in the area’s entrances and exits in order to prevent the ISIS-Terrorist Group from escaping, and or creating misleading tactics to discredit the government. They took control of 82IB and 1IB.

Joint Task Group (JTG) Tabang, was formed under Col Thomas Sedano Jr to assist the local government and concerned agencies in managing the Internally Displaced Person (IDPs). In order to uplift the welfare of affected communities, they provided assistance to the relief efforts and supported humanitarian operations. They also conducted and assisted in Civil-Military Operations (CMO). Some of the highlighted activities of JTG Tabang included: the condemning of the misinterpretation of the Quran by the ISIS-Maute Terrorist Group through radio broadcasts and face-toface engagements with stakeholders and the community.

Joint Task Group (JTG) Bakal, headed by BGen Felicisimo Budiongan, provided and maintained all Armor assets of the different units, and was responsible for sustaining all the Armor units deployed in the MBA. The commander of JTG Bakal also served as the Armor adviser to the commander of JTF Marawi. JTG Bakal also had a female company commander who served alongside her male counterparts in the Battle of Marawi. The Armor family was an indispensible part of our operations to liberate the City of Marawi.

Joint Task Group (JTG) Ayuda, was headed by Col Filemon Radam Jr. Their mission was to provide all the logistics requirements of the troops involved in the Marawi campaign. The main component of the unit was the 1st Logistic Support Brigade (1LSB), which directed all personnel to mobilize assets and additional drivers from our Mindanao and Visayasbased Forward Service Support Units (FSSUs). The newly commissioned AFP Mobile Kitchen was under their operational control. A female officer was in-charge of the said mobile kitchen operations which served hot meals to the troops, civilians, and IDPs throughout the Battle of Marawi.

Joint Task Force (JTG) Mitigator, headed by Col Cirilo Thomas Donato, took charge of the sustainment operations from Iligan City leading to the City of Marawi. He also oversaw the security operations of Iligan City and the Main Supply Route (MSR).

Joint Task Group Lanao Del Norte (JTG LDN), headed by BGen William Alunday, secured LDN province specifically Iligan City. They conducted checkpoint operations along MSR from Iligan City to the Municipality of Saguiaran. They also blocked the possible entry of enemy forces coming from Lanao del Norte going to Marawi City.

Joint Task Group (JTG) Scalpel, under Maj Dionido Napalang MC and Maj Cesar Candelaria, set up the triage operations in the MBA. They helped sustain the fighting strength of all our security forces during the Battle of Marawi by extracting casualties from the MBA, providing first-aid, and giving immediate medical treatment to our troops. They also took care of the medical support services for the ground troops.


There were numerous units who participated in the liberation of Marawi City. Different government forces were organized into task groups that worked as one to hasten the operations in accomplishing our ultimate goal of liberating the City of Marawi.

Each unit involved in the campaign was identified by its unique logo. This was not a symbol nor just an accessory on a soldier’s uniform. It represented: pride, honor, and dignity for each and every soldier. A seal was representative of the entire entity which a soldier belonged to, and one that he/she will carry on forever, wherever he or she is deployed.

Herein are the logos of the units deployed during the Marawi campaign:

Capter 4:
Support from LGUs, Private Sector, and NGOs

“Our freedom was threatened during this time, every effort, each act of kindness, the show of support, addressed the emotional needs of our troops and gave them the hope, encouragement, and the motivation to carry on with our efforts to bring back peace to the Islamic City of Marawi.”
– BGen Ramiro Rey

The Marawi crisis had seen the influx of support from various stakeholders, civilians, and individuals. Coordination between the Local Government Units (LGUs) and the military was vital to swiftly address the crisis. In eliminating terrorism in Marawi City, the IO Cell of JTF Marawi, identified and assisted political leaders whom the IO Cell considered as the major agents of change from the onset until the cessation of the crisis.

When President Duterte declared Martial Law in Mindanao, LGUs were uncertain about the role that they would play during the crisis. JTF Marawi did not supplant the LGUs but instead, assisted, facilitated, and empowered them in their discharge of duties.

Herein are the specific initiatives and best practices of LGUs and LCEs in the Marawi Campaign:

• Coordinated with the other LGUs and transportation companies, – Rural Transit of Mindanao Inc (RTMI) for the availability of their mobility assets in support of the transportation operations in Marawi City
• Established collaborations with LGU/LGA in order to address issues as a result of the crisis and initiate socio-economic interventions
• Established the Provincial Crisis Management Committee (PCMC) to show that civilian authority reigns supreme over military rule
• Monitoring of IDPs
• Took charge of the humanitarian efforts
• Facilitated relief operations in evacuation centers
• Assisted the military in rescue and retrieval missions
• Conducted psychosocial activities, peacebuilding initiatives, and countering violent extremism (CVE) programs with various stakeholders
• Initiated the establishment of tent cities in different towns for IDPs
• Governor Suraya Alonto Adiong supported our peacebuilding and CVE programs
• Mayor of Masiu, Hon. Nasser Pangandaman, provided a speed boat for the JTF Marawi, which assigned control numbers to the fishermen’s bancas, and allocated a budget for the repainting of worn-out boats
• Mayor of Balindong, Hon. Benjamin Bagul gave a monthly allowance of P1,500 to each fisherman
• Mayor Majul Usman Gandamra initiated the Mobile Kitchen Project to assist families affected in Marawi City
• Checkpoints in Lumba-Bayabao municipality were established by Barangay Peacekeeping Action Team (BPAT), and passage of motorboats along Lake Lanao was also monitored within their coastal barangays
• Marawi City LGU launched clean-up drive in barangays for the preparation of homecoming of displaced residents
• Social Workers of the Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office (MSWDO) of Makilala conducted Stress Debriefing Program

From the Provincial Information Office of Lanao Del Sur, below are
the names of national and regional government agencies, LGUs, and
municipalities who have offered donations and assistance to Marawi City:

His Excellency Rodrigo Roa Duterte
President of the Republic of the Philippines

Honorable Maria Leonor “Leni” Gerona Robredo
Vice Presidentof the Republic of the Philippines

Department of National Defense
DND Secretary Delfin Negrillo Lorenzana
DILG Assistant Secretary Marjorie Jalosjos
DND Undersecretary for Defense Operations – Cesar B. Yano

PMS Assistant Secretary Joy Encabo
House of Representatives
National Youth Commission
Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR)
Philippine Information Agency (PIA)
PIA Director General Harold Clavite
Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office (PCSO)
Sec. Eduardo D. Del Rosario
Sec. Jose Ruperto Martin M. Andanar
Sen. Aquilino Martin “Koko” Dela Llana Pimentel
Sen. Juan Edgardo “Sonny” Manalang Angara
Sen. Juan Miguel “Migs” Fernandez Zubiri

Department of Social Welfare and Development Region 7
Department of Social Welfare and Development Region 10
Department of Social Welfare and Development Region 12
Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) – Region 10
Mindanao Development Authority (MinDA)
Local Government Units
City Government of Pasig
City Government of Zamboanga
Municipal Government of Panglima Sugala, Tawi-Tawi
Iligan City Disaster Risk Reduction Management Office
Office of the Regional Governor ARMM
Office of the Regional Vice Governor
Provincial Government of Agusan del Sur
Provincial Government of Basilan
Provincial Government of Bataan
Provincial Government of Capiz
Provincial Government of Cavite
Provincial Government of Maguindanao
Provincial Government of Zamboanga Del Norte
Provincial Government of Lanao Del Norte
City Government of Cagayan de Oro
City Government of Iligan
Municipality of Bacolod, Lanao del Norte
Municipality of Baloi, Lanao del Norte
Municipality of Pantao Ragat, Lanao del Norte
Municipality of Pantar, Lanao del Norte
Municipality of Tagoloan, Lanao del Norte
Municipality of Tubod, Lanao del Norte


There was also an overwhelming response to the call of the Provincial Government of Lanao del Sur for donations from the different business sectors and non-governmental organizations. Through the joint effort of several volunteers from different sectors, thousands of packed relief goods were delivered both to the troops and the IDPs. Apart from these, several donations such as: cash, modest clothes, toiletries, assorted medicines, and sleeping items were sent to Marawi City.

Herein are the names of some identified stakeholders and donors:

ABS-CBN Lingkod Kapamilya Foundation Inc. – Cebu
Al-Balagh Foundation
Ang-Hortaleza Foundation, Inc.
Asian Research Foundation
Ayala Foundation
Balay Mindanaw Foundation, Inc.
De La Salle Academy – ONE La Salle for Marawi
Gawad Kalinga
GMA Kapuso Foundation
International Children’s Action Network Foundation (ICAN Foundation)
Kilos Kabataan Livelihood Foundation
Manila Water Foundation
MVP Foundation
One Meralco Foundation
Philippine Business for Social Progress
Philippine Center for the Entrepreneurship Foundation, Inc. (GoNegosyo)
Philippine Disaster Resilience Foundation
PLDT Smart Foundation, Inc.
Tarlac Heritage Foundation
Teach Peace Build Peace Movement
TV5 – Alagang Kapatid Foundation
Xavier University Tabang Marawi

Airfreight 21
Airspeed International
Aboitiz Equity Venture
AMA Basic Education
American Express
Ayala Land Asset Protection Division
Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro
Continental, GBS Manila, Inc
Corville Agricom Inc
CRH-Aboitiz Company
East-West Seed Company Inc
FACTSET Phils., Inc
Fort Bo Enterprise
Guerilla Race
Gloss Nails & Body Spa
Grieg Philippines, Inc
Grieg Star Philippines, Inc
Globe Telecom Inc
Holy Family School of Quezon City, Inc
Holy Name University
Insular Life
Jam Pack Music PH
Kwench Alkaline Water Refilling Station
Kiwanis Division 4B
Lanao Cargo and Logistics Services
Latter Day Saints
Manila Water Company, Inc
Manila Water Works
Metro Pacific Investment Corp
Med-Ariel Pharmaceuticals
Meaningful Travel PH. And UAP AGAP
Mindanao Sanitarium Hospital (Iligan)
Otsuka Solar Philippines, Inc
Philip Morris Philippines, Inc
P&G R2R & Friends
Royal Travel and Tours
Roman Catholic Diocese of Iligan
S&S Enterprises, Inc
San Miguel Corporation
San Pedro Calungsod Parish
Smart Communications, Inc
Southdrive Productions
St. Therese Learning Center, Quezon City
Teramag Publishing
Torch of Life Academy
Uni Fruity
Unilever Philippines Inc
Unistar Credit and Finance Corp
ZIYA Fashions

Alpha Phi Omega (APO)
Alpha Sigma Fraternity
Alpha Sigma Phi Fraternity Inc.
Assumption College San Lorenzo-CSI
Assumption College Student Council
Capitol Employees of Bataan (CEMBA)
Coca-Cola Export Employees Cooperative
Concerned Students of Durham University and Residents of the UK
DU30 Cabinet Spouses Association
Indonesian Society
Integrated Philippine Association of Optometrists Iligan-Lanao Chapter
La Salle Greenhills Batch ‘95
Marikina Valley Medical Center Employees
Muli Ataw Dato Piang Association, Inc.
Sigma Rho Fraternity (Council Secretariat)
United Architect of the Philippines
United States Government Alumni Association, Marawi Chapter
UP Delta Lambda Sigma Sorority
UP Law BGC – Evening 2021
UP Law Student Government
UP Portia Sorority
Upsilon Sigma Phi Fraternity
Youth for Peace TALBOS

National Kidney & Transplant Institute Employees
Philippine Cultural College Employees
Philippine Heart Center Employees
Rizal Medical Center Employees
St. Luke’s Medical Center Employees, Quezon City

Angelica Locsin Colmenares
(Angel Locsin)
Asst Sec. Acel Papa
Atty. & Mrs. Ramoncito Mison
Atty. Adel A. Tamano
Atty. Arturo L. Tiu
Atty. Candice B. Manalo
Atty. Tin Go
Atty. Valerie Hollero
Caroline Lim Un
Chippy and Fe Montano
Christian Quintana
COMELEC Commissioner Rowena V. Guanzon
Congressman Arnolfo A. Teves, Jr.
Congressman Eripe John M. Amante
Congressman Jose Christopher Y. Belmonte
Congressman Victor A. Yap
Councilor & Mrs. Jay Pimentel
Councilor Ma. Asuncion G. Fugoso
Councilor Mary Grace Chua
Christine Dela Cruz
Dimple Tawano
Dr. Shine Barga
Dr. Macrina Bariga
Dr. Nerissa Binoya
Dr. & Mrs. Rico Capulong
Dr. Anthony Paulino G. Fugoso
Dr. Bien Manlutac
Dr. Charlie Guzman
Dr. Domacao Alonto
Dr. Edna Corpuz
Dr. Jun Flores
Dr. Guillermo Manalo Jr.
Dr. Hannah Labayo
Dr. Naomi Lachica-Licuanan
Dr. Jallelah Noor
Dra. Areefah A. Adiong
Dr. Azenith Tammang
Dr. Christine Te
Dr. Sheryl Castro-Flores
Dr. Renato Santos
Dulce Corazon Malacas
Mae Ann Padilla, RN
Eldren Subito and Christopher Perez
Engr. Rakiin Sacar Jr.
Erwin Po
Francesca Mendoza and family
Gretchen Ocampo Recto
Iris Baula
Jannicke Utvik
Juganas Family
Jen Corpuz
Kim Castillo Jonas
Lyra Verzosa
Lito Correos
Marvin De Jesus
Mitchellin “Ching” Lluch
Mr. & Mrs. Leonard Masa
Mr. & Mrs. Arnold Masa
Mr. & Mrs. Bobby Buenaventura
Mr. & Mrs. Dan Viray
Mr. & Mrs. Egay Franco
Mr. & Mrs. Fonz Rodriguez
Mr. & Mrs. Hassan Younez
Mr. & Mrs. Honorio Pascual
Mr. & Mrs. Jonas Compendio
Mr. & Mrs. Jose Arturo Aruiza
Mr. & Mrs. Joule Sales
Mr. & Mrs. Louie De Leon
Mr. & Mrs. Regie Panga
Mr. Adab Adolfo
Mr. Alin Ferrer
Mr. Ben Chua
Mr. Glen Yasay & Family
Mr. Jaime Muñoz
Mr. Jun Leono
Mr. Len Oreta
Mr. Leo Briones
Mr. Ralph Reiniel
Mr. Ramon Tulfo
Mr. Rey Sare
Mr. Ricky Salonga
Mrs. Roreen Rodriguez Herrera
Ms. Anna Rodriguez
Ms. Argee Gallardo
Ms. Arlene Castro
Ms. Beatrice Mae Chua
Ms. Binggot Uy
Ms. Camille Arevalo
Ms. Carmen Devilles
Ms. Carolina Icasiano
Ms. Divine David
Ms. Eleanor C. Aruiza
Ms. Eleanor Elarde
Ms. Flor Santos
Ms. Gemma Alcantara
Ms. Herminia Villanueva
Ms. Iya Bacunawa
Ms. Jamie Rivera
Ms. Janella Gangat
Ms. Janine Reyes
Ms Josie Mesolania Marco
Ms. Joy Valerie Lopez
Ms. Katrina Felizardo
Ms. Kim Castello
Ms. Korina Sanchez-Roxas
Ms. Leticia Te Ku
Ms. Lisa Gapud
Ms. Lizel Araneta
Ms. Mace Dugenia
Ms. Marcelle Galera
Ms. Michelle Cosme
Ms. Mirza Martinez
Ms. Razon of Julia’s
Ms. Ria Regino
Ms. Teresa Arguelles
Ms. Valerie Valeña
Nicole Bacolod
Oliver Simbajon
PASCH Quenzo & Pristine
Prof. Ernestine Carmen Jo Villareal-Fernando
Professor Ronald “Pope” O. Solis
Ricky Salonga
Richel Umel
Rey Chiang
Roesche Cortes-Briones
Sarifa Younes
Theresa Carson
Vic Cabatbat

Abdulganie Alok
Abe Macacua
Abraham Biruar
Evelyn Estorquia
Fahad Abas
Fahad Minalang
Khadaffi Tintil
Kutaya Nul
Mary Grace W. Roxas
Myrna Jo Henry
Nordel Idon
Norodin Butocan
Nurudin Abid
Oliver Simbajon
Ramil Masukat
Rowel Masukat
Salonga Edzela

Datu Rajiv B. Ramos
Maher Balindong
Misuari Cariga

Agence France-Presse (AFP)
Associated Press (AP)
Bombo Radyo Philippines- Cagayan de Oro
Brigada News Cagayan de Oro
China Global Television Network (CGTN)
CNN Philippines
DZIQ 990AM Radyo Inquirer
Newsbytes Philippines
Radio ng Bayan
SUNSTAR Cagayan de Oro
The Daily Manila Shimbun
The Philippine Daily Inquirer
The Philippine Star

Concur Philippines
Citizens’ Disaster Response Center (CDRC)
Create and Learning Paths School
Doctors Without Borders / Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)
Eagles Gingoog Kaliga
Health Organizations for Mindanao, Inc.
JCI Makati
Mindanao Tripartate Youth Core
Mindbuilders School
Momoi Supe
Northern Trust
Oracle + Netsuite
Philippine Span Asia Carrier Corporation
Priscilla Co-Lim
Red Cross Movement
Quota International
Ramada Manila Central
Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Colleges
Reed Elsevier Shared Services Philippines
Rotary Club of Loyola Heights QC
Rotary Club of Makati
Rotary Club of Padre Burgos, Manila
Rotary Club of Gingoog Bay
San Beda College Rizal Peer Facilitators Group /
San Beda College Rizal Community
St. Louis University Batch 1993
St. Paul University – Quezon City College Department
S-Tech through Fast It Forward
Sterten Place Condominium Corp
Stratworks, Inc.
Tupperware Brands
Unipipe Philippines
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
University of St. Louis Batch 1993
Victory Church Iligan
World Vision

In recognition of the different NGOs who have worked and provided immediate support to the people affected by the Marawi crisis, below are their contributions and a short description of their mission and mandate.

Tarlac Heritage Foundation
Tarlac Heritage Foundation (THF), in partnership with the Chinese Filipino Business Club, Inc. (CFBCI), in cooperation with the 1st Infantry (Tabak) Division, PA under the leadership of then BGen Rolando Joselito Bautista initiated the construction of Bahay Pag-asa Phase I, Immediate Shelter and Accommodation Housing Project. This was situated in a 1.2 hectare lot in Bgy Bito Buadi Itowa, Marawi City which provided 50 Immediate Shelter and Accomodation units for 50 displaced families of the conflict.

The “Bahay Pag-asa Kubo” measures 16 sqm per unit, and is assembled in less than 30 minutes, a testament to the ingenuity of the PA units. The “green kubos” are equipped with: solar panels for electricity and a rain water collecting system for water supply. The elevated houses were made out of: bamboo, nipa, sawali, and coco lumber. It was entirely funded by THF and CFBCI. The housing complex included: separate concrete structures for kitchen, laundry, toilet and bathroom facilities for men, women, and children. It contained a deep well and water storage facilities of 15,000 liters, and a community center equipped with 50” LED TV. It also includes a 500 sqm “Hardin ng Lunas” vegetable and herbal medicine garden. Giant bamboo seedlings were planted all around the perimeter for food and lumber.

THF and their friends donated to the soldiers of JTF Marawi 15,000 cases
of assorted canned goods, 1,500 sacks of rice, 15,500 cases of assorted
cookies, 45,000 sachets of 3-in-1 coffee, 2,000 boxes of milk, 6,000 boxes of
bottled water, 10,000 bottles of ready to drink juices.

The Philippine Army Bahay Pag-asa Phase 2, in Bgy Mipaga, Marawi City under the leadership of its Commanding General, Lt Gen Rolando Joselito Bautista, in partnership with THF, and CFBCI, developed a 1 hectare lot featuring 60 units of Immediate Shelter and Accommodation Housing units which were more permanent in nature. Each house measured 23.76 sqm had its own individual toilet, bathroom, shower, and kitchen. Each house had its own electrical and water connection. The complex also contain: 60 parking lots, a deep well with a 15,000 liter water storage facility, a basketball court, a volleyball court, a male and a female children’s playroom, learning center, a community center a 50” LED TV screen, and a 500 sqm “Hardin ng Lunas” vegetable and herbal medicine garden.

Duterte’s Kitchen
To feed the poor in Marawi City, two mobile kitchens served hot meals to the IDPs.

Junior Chamber International Manila (JCI) Manila,
San Juan Dambana and Makati Princess Urduja JCI delves into an array of projects in different industries such as: community development, business, government, and environment, among others. One of its chapters, San Juan Dambana Chapter spearheaded the launching of the Philippine Army’s #OgopMarawi to extend help to the displaced families of war-torn Marawi City on the 14th of June 2017. The local organization was also one of the partners in conceptualizing the design of the “Peace is Possible” mural along Pantar, Lanao Del Norte.

Kick for Peace
The Kick for Peace Foundation conducts sports-based programs to turn the youth away from the influence of lawless group, and to transform them into peace-loving and law-abiding citizens.

Tuloy Foundation Incorporated
Tuloy Foundation is an exclusive foundation that caters solely for: the poor, abused, orphaned, and abandoned children, in order to redeem them from their helplessness, and to empower them to choose what is right. Tuloy Foundation and Friends sent three truckloads of goods and supplies to war-torn Marawi City. Their gifts were joined with fervent prayers for those most affected by the conflict.

Teach Peace Build Peace Movement (TPBPM)
TPBPM is a non-profit organization with a mission to help make every Filipino Child and Youth a Peacebuilder. The organization spearheads a strategic initiative of running Peace Education programs for children in conflict and non-conflict zones by using a holistic approach. TPBPM has conducted various psychosocial first aid training sessions for teachers of Marawi City, trained peace education facilitators especially working with the Hijab Troopers, facilitated Marawi children’s educational tour, and distributed relief goods in Lanao del Norte, and Lanao del Sur.

Ateneo De Davao University – Center of Psychological Extension and Research Services (ADDU-COPERS)
ADDU is a non-stock, non-profit educational institution, that has an established Center of Psychological Extension and Research Services (COPERS) which disseminates appropriate psychoeducation and generates empirically-driven research in order to provide timely mental health interventions for the community. COPERS has released a culturally-sensitive and peace-centered coloring book dubbed as, “Peace in Our Hearts” to help Marawi’s children in psychosocial processing and therapeutic art sessions. Since the 7th of June 2017, when COPERS had rolled out its emergency Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) services for Marawi’s IDPs, it generated psychosocial processing resources and kept its local partners supplied with these to help ease their burden of service delivery. In addition, COPERS also conducted psychosocial debriefing to almost 700 soldiers deployed in Marawi City.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
UNDP has been working to improve the lives of the Filipino people since 1965, and has been committed to helping the country achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as well as, the national development priorities set out in the Philippine Development Plan. Recognizing the mounting challenges of families displaced by the Marawi crisis, UNDP partnered with CMOCC to help improve the lives of the IDPs.

World Vision
Recognizing the mounting challenges of families displaced by the Marawi crisis, World Vision focused its humanitarian efforts on: education in emergencies, food security and livelihood, water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH), and nutrition.

World Food Programme (WFP)
The World Food Programme (WFP) is the leading humanitarian organization fighting hunger worldwide by: delivering food assistance in emergencies, and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience. WFP launched an Immediate Response Emergency Operation (IR-EMOP) in the areas affected by the armed conflict in Marawi City. From the 15th of June to the 15th of September 2017, this IREMOP was able to assist some 18,000 school children in Lanao del Sur and other affected areas, as well as 6,400 families around the peace and humanitarian corridor.

World Health Organization (WHO)
The World Health Organization supported the Philippine Department of Health (DOH) in ensuring continuous health services to: the IDPs and residents of the affected communities, as well as preventing and detecting outbreaks. At the onset of the conflict, WHO provided support for: disease surveillance, information management, water, sanitation, and hygiene.

After the conflict, WHO participated in a joint assessment to determine the availability of health resources, and services in the barangays where the IDPs have returned. WHO supported the deployment of mobile teams to: provide health services to IDPs in the four underserved municipalities of Saguiaran, Balo-i, Pantar, and Pantao Ragat, including medical services, nutrition, psychosocial support, and UNFPA-supported reproductive health services.

Chapter 5:
Foreign Military Assistance

“Our victory in Marawi City could not have taken place as quickly as it did without the consolidated efforts of our friends and neighbors, and the leaders of the free world who shared our strategic interests, and common goals in combating terrorism.”
– Lt Gen Rolly Bautista

The presence of foreign terrorist fighters in Marawi City which caused the destruction of the historic City of Marawi will forever serve as a reminder of evil acts of terrorism. These existential threats can never be addressed by a single country per se but demands international cooperation.

On the 23rd of October 2017, Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana expressed his gratitude to partner countries of the Philippines that helped in the five-month Marawi crisis. The Defense Ministers of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) agreed to work closely to combat the regional threat of terrorism, share information, conduct joint maritime and air patrols on common borders, and to assist in the rehabilitation of Marawi City.

During the crisis, the Philippines conducted trilateral naval patrols with Indonesia and Malaysia to seal off the waters between the Sulu archipelago and Sabah from terrorists, and to prevent the movement of Islamic radicals to the Philippines or from Marawi City.

Within the three months of ongoing fighting in Marawi City, Singapore offered humanitarian aid, surveillance drones, and the use of an urban warfare training facility to help Philippine troops dislodge the terrorists.

Two months after the crisis, 40 members of the Philippine Army’s Special Operations Command were sent to the Murai Urban Training Facility in Singapore.

Meanwhile, other ASEAN Member States, including Thailand, offered humanitarian relief via their Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) program, while Brunei, together with Malaysia, Indonesia, and Singapore, also provided intelligence support. The President likewise expressed his gratitude to the countries that provided assistance to the Philippines in defeating the ISIS-Maute Terrorist Group, such as: China, Russia, USA, and Australia.

As the global security landscape becomes increasingly complex, cross country cooperation across the globe has become a critical factor in
countering terrorism. The security and military cooperation between the Philippines and its partner countries has improved the technical and analytical capabilities of our Armed Forces in overcoming the threat to national security in the siege of Marawi City. Nevertheless, a constant assessment and a collective effort on the global, regional, and national level must be ensured in an attempt to totally eradicate the threat of terrorism.

Chapter 6: President Rodrigo Roa Duterte Visits Marawi City

“We will not stop until the last terrorist is neutralized. ‘Yon ang sinabi ko and that will be the objective; the ultimate objective of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.”
– President Rodrigo Roa Duterte

President Duterte visited the besieged city seven times, giving the troops a much needed morale boost and support during the height of the battle. In his visits, accompanying him were: National Security Adviser Hermogenes Esperon Jr., Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana, AFP Chief of Staff General Eduardo Año, Army Chief Lt Gen Glorioso Miranda, Navy Chief Vice Admiral Ronald Joseph Mercado, and Air Force Chief Lt Gen Edgar Fallorina.

On his first visit on the 20th of July 2017, President Duterte arrived at the Headquarters of the 103Bde at about 1pm and left before 5pm. After his security briefing, he addressed the troops, thanking them for their heroism and sacrifices in fighting the ISIS-Maute Terrorist Group. “Ito ay isang very intimate na visit,” Lt Col Jo-ar Herrera recalled. “It was like a father visiting his sons and daughters. Talagang pinalakas ang loob, nagbigay-pugay at talagang sumuporta sa ating mga sundalo,” he added.

August 2017 to boost the troops’ morale. “I have to be here because I want all of you to know that…I love all of you. I hope you will be able to clean up Marawi City and get rid of the terrorists,” a Malacañan Palace press release quoted President Duterte as saying.

He also repeated his pledge to put up a P50-billion trust fund for the children of police officers and soldiers, adding that he recently signed the law on free tertiary education in state and local universities and colleges. He also visited wounded soldiers in Camp Ranao and delivered a short message before the members of JTF Marawi.

As the battle went on its fourth month, President Duterte, clad in full battle gear, made his third visit in the war-torn city, this time visiting the soldiers of JTF Marawi in the MBA. Our Commander-in-Chief said, “I will be happy to die for my country. I need to be with you to show my solidarity”.

The President also inspected the devastation near the battle zone, visited a temporary patrol base, and even tried a sniper rifle, and fired it twice towards the direction of the terrorists. The President further reiterated that the battle would not end until all the terrorists had been neutralized in Marawi City.

“I am not ready to talk peace at this time kasi marami na akong sundalong namatay pati pulis. We have to end it the way it should be, at ang earlier kong pronouncement, we will not stop until the last terrorist is neutralized, ‘yon ang sinabi ko and that will be the objective, the ultimate objective of the Armed Forces of the Philippines,” he said.

On his fourth visit on the 11th of September 2017, President Duterte paid his respects to another fallen soldier, Cpt Rommel Sandoval, whose remains were to be transported to Manila from Cagayan de Oro City. Cpt Sandoval was the Company Commander of the 11SRC, who was killed-in-action while rescuing a fellow wounded soldier during their clearing operations in Marawi City.

Afterwards, the President went to the Grand Islamic Mosque, which was used as a command and control hub of the enemy where some hostages were also kept. He then proceeded to Mapandi Bridge and then to other parts of the MBA, where he gladly allowed photo opportunities with the troops to give them morale support. He later presided over a command conference with the JTF Marawi.

President Duterte’s visits always coincided with significant developments in the MBA. His first visit on the 20th of July marked successful operations to regain Mapandi Bridge. On his second visit on the 4th of August, troops were able to reclaim the Safrullah M Dipatuan (SMD) General Hospital or Safrullah Hospital, which served as one of the strongholds of the terrorists.

On his third visit, troops regained another key terrorist stronghold – the Islamic Grand Mosque, a symbol of strength and resistance for the Maranaos.

The fourth visit of the President coincided with the major military offensive that successfully penetrated an area believed to be the final defensive stronghold of the terrorists. They recovered 23 structures, including a five-storey building that troops had to clear floor-by-floor. The President’s return also came about a week after the military declared it had taken control of Bayabao Bridge, more popularly known as Banggolo Bridge, one of the bridges leading to the MBA.

Before leaving the war-torn city, the President acknowledged the soldiers’ commitment and dedication in protecting our country. “Thank you very much. Don’t be too restless there, just stay put. Let me salute you. I’ll be the one who will salute you. Thank you very much for your service to our nation. Thank you, Armed Forces of the Philippines and the Police.”

On the 21st of September 2017, President Duterte made his fifth visit to the troops to express his utmost gratitude for their continuing efforts in quelling the terror threats in the war-torn city. He also provided the soldiers with care packages as well as watches and eyewear.

As victory for the military forces was in sight, President Duterte laid down the steps that the government intended to undertake once the crisis had ended. However, he insisted that there would be no victory celebrations. “I do not want any celebration of victory. We are all losers here… Rebels dead, soldiers dead – breaks our hearts because they are all Filipinos,” President Duterte noted. “Let us just pray to God. I hope Allah remembers the people of Marawi City.”

On President Rodrigo Duterte’s sixth visit to Marawi City on the 2nd of October 2017, he led the inauguration of the 1ID (Tabak), Bahay Pag-asa Project at Barangay Bito Buadi Itowa. This was intended for the residents of Marawi City who were internally displaced. During his visit, he witnessed troops from the 1ID, the MID, and the 547ECB assembling under time pressure demo Bahay Kubo units. They accomplished this in less than 30 minutes. He then gave words of encouragement to the government troops citing, that he would fulfill his promise of raising their salaries by 2018, and providing funds for the education of their children.

On the 16th of October 2017, the remaining enemy leaders were killed by government forces. The next day, President Duterte made his seventh visit to the City of Marawi, the most significant. He declared the city liberated.

Chapter 7: Letters of Support

“Dear soldiers, thank you for being so brave and fighting for us. I hope we will win! And I pray that you will be safe after.”
– A letter from a child addressed to soldiers in Marawi City

What looked as a seemingly ordinary message board inside the command post of government forces in the MBA, gave the troops their much needed morale boost during the five-month long battle in the city as it displayed letters of support from Filipinos everywhere.

On the 12th of June, Dr. Tiger Garrido, an orthopedic surgeon at the De La Salle University Medical Center, initiated “Oplan Malasakit” drive on his Facebook account. Rinz Araneta, an English teacher at PAREF Woodrose School in Muntinlupa City, learned about Garrido’s efforts and helped spread the word to her students and fellow teachers. Students from Woodrose, De La Salle Santiago Zobel School in Muntinlupa City, Veritas Catholic School in Parañaque City, and Culiat Elementary School in Quezon City, wrote letters of gratitude to the soldiers fighting in Marawi City. Soon after, various organizations, schools, and individuals followed suit and wrote letters of encouragement, support, and hope for our troops.

From Robert Canillas: “We love Army! Maraming salamat po at niligtas n’yo po ang nasa Marawi. Laban lang po ng laban, ‘wag kayong susuko (Thank you for saving our brothers in Marawi City. Keep on the fight; don’t give up)!” This was just one of at least 2,500 messages that the pupils had penned in touching letters addressed to the fighting men on the frontlines of the Islamic City of Marawi. Many of the letters were illustrated with drawings, crude yet elaborate, simple but heartfelt.

“I don’t know where you are right now—whether on the ground or at the camp readying for your deployment. Words cannot express our deepest gratitude to your selfless dedication as a soldier. You are wearing your uniform with a sense of pride, patriotism, and purpose. Truly, you are heroes to all of us.”

“But dear soldiers, remember you are not alone in this journey. I, my family, friends and the whole country walk with you until the end of this battle.”

“To you dear soldier, thank you for being so brave and selfless by risking your life for the good of your fellow Filipinos. Thank you for endlessly showing us that you are a living testament of a man molded with passion for peace, commitment, and honor. Thank you for not leaving our brothers and sisters behind during the crisis in Mindanao in spite the threat of your own life.”

“Thank you for loving and serving our country with all your hearts even beyond the call of duty. While we are at the comfort of our cozy homes, you, however, are safeguarding us at the mountains. Deprived of sleep and rest, you still do your noble job as our protectors. There are so many reasons why we should pay homage to your bravery and service to the Filipino people. Being a soldier comes with great responsibilities and sacrifices.”

“In every soldier’s eyes, I see a father who longs to cradle his young child in his arms. I see a son, a daughter, a brother and a sister who wishes to spend time and a normal life with his family. I see a father and a husband who can’t wait to go home and see his growing kids. I see a young man who at a very young age bears a huge responsibility on his shoulders.”

“And in every soldier’s eyes, I often see a taint of fear of the uncertainties of what might possibly happen on the ground. But deep down, I know you are more than your human fears and worries. You are destined to be a fighter, a hero, a light to every kid lost in a battle they don’t know about.”

“When you feel the heaviness of the world, please don’t ever wonder on why you chose this path. Please don’t give up on peace, on us. When wounds get deeper and the bullets’ sound become deafening, please always find the courage and strength to never surrender. When your body gets weary and the voice starts to tremble with fear, please remember the lovely faces of your kids, your wife excitedly waiting for your coming.”

“Dear brave soldiers, we continue to pray for your safety. In every step you take, we also take a step forward to be with you in our thoughts and prayers. We owe you a lot, more than what this lifetime could afford. We are all very proud of you. You will be forever remembered as the men who bravely and selflessly fought for peace and justice.”

“Dear soldiers, please, please come home alive. We are all waiting for your coming.”

– Chrisley Ann C. Hinayas, The Dream Big Project

Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) also expressed their support by sending letters coursed through the nearest Philippine embassy or consulate in their area. The DFA and Overseas Workers Welfare Administration (OWWA), through the initiative of the Blas F. Ople Policy Center, encouraged millions of OFWs to start sending postcards and letters of hope and support for our troops in Marawi City and even for the families staying in evacuation centers.

Many soldiers expressed their deep gratitude to those who remembered them and sent them messages of encouragement. Our troops said, that the letters they received had really strengthened, and motivated them to win the fight against the ISIS-Maute Terrorist Group. A soldier shared that while reading the letter, he felt a wave of happiness and couldn’t stop smiling at the thought that there were people who supported and wholeheartedly prayed for their safety and their families. Other soldiers directly reached out to the donors and authors of letters in order to express their gratitude.

Chapter 8: Songs for Marawi

“Marawi, bumangon ka ! Kaya natin ito. Oh, bangon Marawi! Simulan na natin ngayon.”
– Sgt Ronie Halasan

In the midst of severe conflict, thousands of troops were deployed in Marawi City to f ight the ISIS-Maute Terrorist Group. Sgt Ronie Halasan of the 1ID composed 10 songs based on his experiences during the Battle of Marawi. His passion for music not only created an impact on the morale on his comrades and on the affected communities. In an interview with him, he recalled the stories behind each song that he had written.

On the 23rd of May, his Commanding Officer tasked him to transport supplies to the troops in Marawi City. Along the way from Iligan City, he received news that terrorists had seized the city. Through the verses of his song, one can visualize how the conflict erupted in the city and the terror it caused to numerous residents. The lyrics of his very first composition said:

Sa bayan kong sinilangan
Tahimik at sagana sa likas na yaman
Kristiyano at Muslim magkapatid ang turingan
Isang bansa, isang diwa, isang minimithi
Para sa isang bandila
Paglubog ng araw ako’y nabigla
Dahil bumabalot ang kadiliman sa buong madla
Apoy ng lumilipad at putok ng baril umaalingawngaw
Nagliyab, sumabog at batang paslit
Sa away sumisigaw

The exodus of civilians fleeing from the city shocked him. “Hindi na kaayaayang tingnan. May halong takot. Nagmamakaawa, especially mga bata.” Communication Systems were down so they decided to standby. While waiting for further instructions, Sgt Halasan started to write in his journal, while thinking that it could be the last day of his life.

He didn’t know what another day would bring. But he was still alive the following day, and he accompanied Lt Col Herrera to the 103Bde, Camp Ranao, Marawi City. There were still a lot of people along the road. Every time they stopped, he seized the moment to jot down notes in his diaries, until he was able to compose “Bangon Marawi.” One night, Lt Col Herrera heard him sing. So, the next day in the Provincial Capitol, he was told to sing in front of the people. Unknowingly, a civilian recorded a video of him singing and playing his guitar, which was later uploaded in the official Facebook page of Team Tabak. The number of viewers’ positive comments and shares prompted the unit to formally record Sgt Halasan’s singing of “Bangon Marawi.” Marawi bumangon ka! Tama na ang maling pakikibaka Kapatid gumising ka! Di ka ba naawa sa bayan kong nagdurusa? Bumangon ka Marawi! Kaya natin ito. Oh, Bangon Marawi! Simulan na natin ngayon.

The hopeful tone and message of the song “Bangon Marawi,” which was a people’s plea to raise Marawi from its ruins, were able to reach a thousand viewers.

After a month had passed since the onset of the crisis, 45 names of soldiers and police officers who died in clashes against the enemies were released. Sgt Halasan saw the situation of the troops’ families grieving as they lost their fathers, husbands, brothers, and sons. In the conceptualization of the song, Sgt Halasan, Mr Marlon Magtira, and Ms Josie Mesolania Marco collaborated to compose a poem about soldiers who died in Marawi City. From there, Sgt. Halasan arranged the melody giving birth to another song entitled, “Bayani Kong Mahal,” a tribute to all fallen comrades who made the ultimate sacrifice for the liberation of Marawi City.

Tulog na bayani kong mahal
Ika’y magpahinga na
Sa piling ng may Kapal
’Wag nang alalahanin
Kaming naiwan
Kami’y magpapakatatag
’Di ka malilimutan

Mahal kong bayani
Magpahinga ka na
Pagkat naitago na
Ang ’yong baril at bala
Sa totoong paraiso
Nawa’y manahan ka
Kung saan walang gulo
’Di ka na sasabak sa giyera

Bayani kong mahal
Tapang mo’y napatunayan
Dakila kang hinahangaan
Minabuti mo’ng
Mga mahal mo’y iiwan
Maisakatuparan lang
Ang pangako mo sa bayan

Mahirap bigkasin
Ang salitang paalam
Subalit kailangang sabihin
Kailangang bitawan
Mahal kong bayani
’Di kita malilimutan
’Di kita iwawaglit
Sa puso at isipan

Mahal kong bayani
Pag-ibig ko’y baunin mo
Labis na hinagpis
Ngayo’y titiisin ko
Alam kong darating ang panahon
Magkikitang muli tayo
Yayakapin ka nang buong higpit
’Di na muling magkakalayo

Even as the fighting continued, evacuation centers were filled with joy as: Aiza Seguerra, National Youth Commission Chairperson, visited and serenaded the residents during a round of mini-concerts in partnership with Task Force Bangon Marawi, OCD, DSWD, and International Organization for Migration (IOM). In these concerts, Sgt Halasan upon their invitation, joined them. His participation further inspired him to write another song entitled “Alay Kapwa”. The song’s title and lyrics were the following:

Marami sa atin ang nangangailangan
Halos sa kanila’y walang masisilungan
Bata, matanda, kumukulo ang tiyan
Titingnan nalang ba natin ang kanilang kalagayan?
Alay kapwa aking panawagan
Ang awiting ito para sa ’yo kaibigan
Upang kayo’y gisingin sa inyong kinalagyan
Halika’t tulungan natin ang ating kababayan
Hanguin natin sila mula sa bingit ng kamatayan

This song encouraged different sectors of society, individuals, and groups to support the IDPs, and the deployed soldiers.

One of the contested issues during the crisis was the declaration of Martial Law in Mindanao by President Duterte. People began to question its legitimacy and allegations of human rights violations by uniformed personnel began to emerge as local residents recalled its abusive implementation during the 1970s. The song, “Makabagong Martial Law,” was intended to debunk the disinformation and negative propaganda against its declaration.

“Damdamin sa Marawi” was composed and arranged by Mr Marlon Magtira and Sgt Ronie Halasan. The melody of the song is an adaption of “All the Way My Savior Leads Me,” a Christian hymn with lyrics written in 1875 by Fanny J. Crosby (1820-1915) to a tune by Dr. Robert Lowry. “Damdamin sa Marawi” speaks of the collective experiences, emotions, and feelings of the people as they were affected by the Marawi crisis.

Mga dagok sa ‘king buhay
Dulot ng mga kaaway
Tahimik na pamumuhay
Kapalit biglang lumbay

Napuno ng kaguluhan
Ang mahal kong bayan
Puso ay may kalungkutan
Luha sa kadiliman

Mapait man sa damdamin
Pag-asa’y ‘di madilim
Mabigat man ang pasanin
Lahat ay kakayanin

Kahit na may takipsilim
Araw sisikat din
Anumang mga pasakit
Lahat lilipas din

Wari ay kapayapaan
Ating makakamtan
Kahit na may kasawian
Abot-tanaw ang kasiyahan

Sa gitna ng mga hapdi
Pag-ibig maghahari
Lungkot ay mapapawi
sa bayan ng Marawi

Pag gising sa umaga
Mata’y lumuluha
Yakap ang gitara
Awit ang kasama

Tanging paraan
Lungkot ay malimutan
Himig ko’y nagsasabi
Saloobin sa Marawi

Sa isip ko’y namumutawi
Damdamin sa Marawi
Lungkot ay mapapawi
Pag laya ng Marawi

Under the leadership of BGen Bautista, JTF Marawi had been relentless until the city’s liberation. In the song, “JTF Marawi,” Sgt Halasan depicted the greatness of every soldier under JTF Marawi and the success of its operations not only on the tactical level but also in its CMO.

In one instance, Sgt Halasan witnessed how children had been used as child soldiers. There were reports that most of the captured enemies were teenagers who formed the main forces of ISISMaute Terrorist Group and other threat groups. “Ang tanong, bakit sila napunta dyan?” he asked himself. In this song, “Batang Mandirigma”, he wanted to influence the youth to disengage from false ideologies perpetuated by extremist groups, and reduce the vulnerability of at-risk youth from the threat posed by these groups.

About 1,000 enemy fighters were involved in the crisis, according to reports. Recruitment through face-to-face engagement and social media was tracked and monitored by security forces. The alarming number manifested that many people were enticed and lured to join the false and extremist ideology, others even identified themselves as sympathizers.

Tackling also a portion on personal love and relationship, the song “Panlilinlang” is also a reminder to be vigilant, especially with regards to the words and promises that people express.

A song for every soldier’s comrade in times of war – entitled “Buddy,” speaks of ensuring the safety of one’s comrade. The lyrics were written by Lt Col Elmer Suderio, the musical score was done by Dunamis Music Studio, and it was sung by Sgt Ronie Halasan.

As the Battle of Marawi drew to a close, he composed a song entitled “Road to Liberation.”

Ecstatic and grateful, Sgt Halasan had the opportunity to express his support for our fighting troops through his own songs. At present, his songs are under copyright by the Philippine Army which form part of the materials and document related to the Marawi crisis. Someday, he hopes for the production of an album to be played in various AM/FM Radio stations throughout the entire country, a call to action for the recovery efforts of Marawi City.

Chapter 9: Assessment

“As the Battle of Marawi came to a close, the final assessment of each phase of the operations were laid out, it became evident that many lessons were to be learned from it while we reaped a wealth of experience from this unfortunate act of terrorism.”
– Lt Col Arthur Pulmano

Our efforts in general effectively advanced both the security forces campaign and the commitment of our stakeholders. Stumbling blocks for sustainment requirements for both our troops’ and the communities’ necessities were adequately addressed due to the quick coordination by the military which elicited generous stakeholder’s commitments. The prevailing tough conditions of our operational environment had serious impacts on the: psychological, emotional, and social state of individuals living in the affected communities. The timely psychosocial interventions and emphatic socio-cultural advocacies of the participating partners of the military sustained our efforts to adequately address the mitigating effects of war.

In spite of the prevailing difficult conditions, aid, and service support were never delayed nor lacking. In fact, various stakeholders were very hands-on with their endowment, and a domino effect was observed. Overflowing donations and services were channeled directly to our appropriate line units. Lateral coordinations to boost the general communities’ welfare were sustained. A higher center for coordinated assistance for relief efforts was envisioned, developed, and put in effect by CMOCC in cooperation with PCMC. After the liberation of Marawi City, there were still donations being received by our units based in Marawi City.

Success in the battlefield is always a collective effort. The war revealed the unique Filipino character of our security forces: bravery, courage, dedication, selflessness, brotherhood, unity, and an unwavering love of country. A respect for the cultural sensitivities of the people afflicted by the crisis was also observed by our troops in all our engagements all throughout the Battle of Marawi. The Marawi crisis which was considered to be one of the bloodiest urban operations faced by our security forces, definitely presented a tremendous challenge to the organization.

However, it highlighted the strategic roles played by the major services which contributed to the swift resolution of the crisis. The Philippine Army being the main effort of the AFP led the charge and delivered the fatal blow that neutralized one of FBI’s most wanted terrorists, Isnilon Hapilon and thus, ended the Battle of Marawi.


The battle against terrorism was also a social responsibility. While our security forces were focusing their efforts in the frontlines, we were simultaneously pursuing community engagements. CMOCC partnered with various individuals, organizations, stakeholders, volunteers, and LGUs who readily volunteered to provide aid, assistance, and support which became our primary force in balancing out the effects of the crisis. These were instrumental in the soft power approach that JTF Marawi employed to prevent the escalation of violent extremism.

Peacebuilding projects expressed through the support of the nation were badly needed. Filipinos united in the rebuilding efforts of the beleaguered city. This effort was supported by allies, neighbors, and members of the free world. Innovations and adaptations inherent in our culture with unique features pertaining to the sensitivities of the Maranaos were taken into consideration in the light of these developments. The government established Task Force Bangon Marawi to oversee all these.

Our words will never be able to express our utmost gratitude for those who laid down their lives in the service of our country. As a nation and as a people, centuries of cultural friction must be resolved in order for us to reach a better understanding of one another in order that we may one day live together under the spirit of mutual respect and love. For the nation, the thoughts of the Battle of Marawi will forever be enshrined in our hearts and minds. May the memories of the dauntless and the benevolent find their rightful place in Philippine history.


  • Various Spot reports
  • from Joint Task Force-Marawi/Arrayal of Government forces force
  • bull-up – Alchris Rane Mitchell
  • baguio-donating-p300k-to-marawi.html
  • pampanga-donate-p68m-marawi-579650
  • posts/1399854536792003
  • Department of National Defense (DND)
  • Ministry of Defense, Singapore

Book 6 Production Team

Lt Gen Rolando Joselito D Bautista AFP
Commanding General, Philippine Army

Maj Gen Robert M Arevalo AFP
Vice Commander, Philippine Army

Maj Gen Danilo Chad D Isleta AFP
Chief of Staff, Philippine Army

Maj Gen Gilbert I Gapay AFP
Former Chief of Staff, Philippine Army

Lt Col Jo-ar A Herrera (INF) PA
Director, Operations Research Center (P), Philippine Army

Isabel Cojuangco Suntay
Editor-at-large / Production Team Leader

Atty Melvin G Calimag
Enrique A Suarez

Marlon C. Magtira
Online Editor

Ma Sheyna Elayne G Delos Reyes
Paolo K Mangulabnan CE RDC, ASCOM, PA


Jayrald M Vasquez
Raquel R Olandesca
Graphic / Layout Artists
1st Infantry (Tabak) Division, PA
Civil-Military Operations Regiment, PA
Joint Task Force Marawi
Civil Relations Service, AFP


Maj Isidro DG VIcente (INF) PA
Deputy Director, ORC (P), PA

Maj Donny N Ravago (MI) PA
Chief, Policy Studies Branch, ORC (P), PA

Cpt Franco Salvador M Suelto (INF) PA
Chief, Admin Branch, ORC (P), PA

Cpt Glenn D De Ramos (INF) PA
Asst Chief, Admin Branch, ORC (P), PA

Cpt Leonard P Del Rosario (INF) PA
Chief, Strategic Branch, ORC (P), PA

Cpt Menard S Rocero (INF) PA
Chief, Policy and Special Studies Section, ORC (P), PA

Lt Col Elmer B Suderio GSC (INF) PA OCG, PA
Maj Jelson Buyuccan (INF) PA OCG, PA
Maj George B Delos Angeles (CE) PA OG1, PA
Maj Jan B Molero (INF) PA OG2, PA
Maj Cesar Deocampo III (INF) PA OG3, PA
Maj Donato A Molina Jr (QMS) PA OG4, PA
Maj Geomar L Pipit (INF) PA OCG, PA
Maj Maria Lourdes E Ranario PA OCG, PA
Cpt Kim L Apitong (INF) PA OCG, PA
Cpt Aris A Gerero (INF) PA OCG, PA
Cpt Jommel Ray P Parreño (INF) PA OCG, PA
Cpt Marc Anthony G Romero (SC) PA OG6, PA
Cpt Apple Ann L Belano (AGS) PA OG9, PA
Tsg Melvin P Saludes (SC) PA ORC (P), PA
Ssg Harold L Carbonell (OS) PA TDC, TRADOC, PA
Ssg Loin V Labilles (Inf) PA OCG, PA
Sgt William C Sajul (MS) PA ORC (P), PA
Sgt Ronie M Halasan (OS) PA ORC (P), PA
Cpl Renz Michael T Endaya (Inf) PA OCG, PA

Pfc Jerry R Sibuyan (Inf) PA ORC (P), PA
Pfc Marlon B Malalis (Inf) PA ORC (P), PA
Pfc Joyce T Jimenez (Inf) PA AAR, PA
Pvt Eva May S Abian (Inf) PA ORC (P), PA
Mary Chriszelle M Puzon CE OG1, PA
Jinky Marie R Semaña CE OG2, PA
Aila Marielle S Conopio CE OG2, PA
Abner H Manuel Jr CE OG2, PA
Pamela Chelsea M Ortiz CE OG3, PA
Chryss Frederick R Pascual CE OG5, PA
Samantha Nicole C Suarez OG6, PA
Melrick B Lucero CE OG7, PA
Alexis Faye A Villegas CE OG8, PA
Gayle P Bitarra CE OG9, PA

Mereniza D Gomez
Mavreen Jackie P Yapchiongco
Princess Fame I Pascua
Ivon Claire C Domingo
Ian Irving C Bacungan
Nenia A Dulom
Llynette Sheila R Binasoy
Bernadette N Patañag
Derkie Alfonso
Harold E Canlas
Jayrald M Vasquez
Juan Paolo L Magtira

Special thanks to:
The offices of Coordinating, Technical, Personal, and Special Staff of the Headquarters, Philippine Army

Handbook Series